Buying a foreclosure house is often touted as a way for both owner-occupants and investors to get a great deal on a property. However, the potential financial rewards don’t come without hard work. Read on to learn about the problems these properties commonly present and the difficulties you may encounter in purchasing one.
The most important thing to understand before jumping into the foreclosure market is that these properties were given up by owners who couldn’t afford their mortgage payments anymore. In these cases, the house has often been poorly maintained—after all, if the owner can’t make the payments, they are likely falling behind on paying for regular upkeep as well.
Maintenance and condition can be a problem in foreclosed properties because of the circumstances under which the previous owner moved out and the amount of time the house may have been unoccupied. Some of the main concerns include:
Bank-owned properties are sometimes disgustingly dirty because of time spent sitting empty, intentional neglect by the previous owner, or occupancy by vagrants. When a home is locked up with no air circulating for months, built-up dirt can cause the entire home to smell.
The previous owner may have made changes to the home without obtaining the proper permits. A common example is converting the garage into a living space so more people can live in the home. These changes may be undesirable to new owners or create headaches for them with city government officials.
If the previous owner started to improve the home but then fell on hard times, there may be partially finished work in the house. The bathrooms may be redone while the kitchen has not been updated in 40 years, or there may be new floors in the living room while the bedrooms still sport ancient carpeting. Additionally, if any repairs were made, they may have been done by the owners themselves or by unlicensed professionals—in other words, people who may not necessarily have done the work correctly.
With no one living in the home, the electricity may be off unless the bank has intentionally kept it on. With no light, it can be hard to see what you are buying in some rooms, particularly basements and windowless bathrooms.
A small leak under the kitchen sink can lead to a mold problem, and a roof leak or burst pipe can lead to major water damage. With no one around to take care of issues as they occur, small problems can quickly turn into big problems, and big problems can turn into disasters.
Lack of Basic Maintenance
If the previous owner couldn’t afford the mortgage payments, you can bet he also could not afford to repair leaks, termite damage, a broken garbage disposal, or anything else.
Dead or Overgrown Grounds
Depending on the climate where the home is located, the lawn and landscaping may be totally dead or extremely overgrown. Banks usually do not pay for gardeners to maintain the yard of a foreclosed home.
Personal Property Left Behind
Sometimes foreclosed homeowners are locked out of the property before they can move their belongings and, in some cases, they do not take everything with them. Many real estate-owned (REO) properties contain furniture, trash, clothes, and other items that you will be responsible for disposing of when you become the property owner.
Sometimes when a property sits vacant, especially if it is in a moderate-to-high crime area, new owners will have to contend with graffiti, broken windows, and other damage.
Broken windows can be common in REOs for several reasons. As mentioned previously, vandalism could be a cause. Also, when banks lock out owners while taking possession of the property, the former owner may break a window or door to retrieve belongings. Previous owners may also purposely inflict damage at the bank’s expense by putting holes in walls and/or tearing off baseboards and crown molding.
Removal of Valuable Items
To inflict revenge against the bank and to make an extra buck, the previous homeowner might remove items of value, including appliances, fixtures, doors, copper pipes, and more. Anything the homeowner does not take might be taken by thieves. Either way, many bank-owned properties are missing things that generally come with seller-owned properties.
Issues With Lenders
Buying a home from a lender has its issues as a result of the increased level of bureaucracy and the limited transparency afforded to those who buy foreclosures.
Lenders will not give a homebuyer money for a dwelling they consider uninhabitable or that appraises below the purchase price. If you are an investor paying cash, of course, this will not be a problem.
Time Delays With the Owner Bank
Common sense says that banks should want to unload REOs as quickly as possible, but, in reality, banks sometimes drag their heels in considering offers and throughout the escrow process.
No Seller Disclosures
Since no one from the bank has ever lived in the house, they are unlikely to have any knowledge of existing problems with the property. You will have to uncover everything yourself, either during the home inspection, by asking neighbors, or through experience after you become the homeowner.
Because foreclosures can be great deals, they are attractive to investors looking to flip properties or use them as rentals. Since investors can make all-cash offers with fewer or no contingencies and fast closings, their offers may be more attractive to the bank than those from would-be owner-occupants.
There is money to be made in foreclosures, but you should know the challenge you are undertaking ahead of time and choose your property carefully. Don’t overlook the fundamentals that make a property desirable just because the purchase price is a bargain. You should also extensively research financing options for foreclosed homes.
While you can go the traditional route of using a private lender as you would for a conventional home, lenders can sometimes be reluctant to finance a foreclosed home, so it is worth looking into loans from the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) or Freddie Mac.
Source: Amy Fontinelle, investopedia.com
About Promise Properties
Promise Properties is a real estate investment company that removes the variables from the sales process and buys properties, in any condition or situation, directly from the owners. Promise Properties buys all types of real estate from single family homes to small apartment buildings to multifamily homes such as duplexes, triplexes, and quads throughout the country. If you are a property owner and have questions about avoiding foreclosure, if you’ve inherited a property you don’t want, if you’re tired of being a landlord or simply want to sell your property quickly and for the best price, contact Promise Properties today.